A Beginner’s Guide to Podcasting Basics


You have never produced a podcast. You may have heard or seen an episode or two, but you’re not a regular consumer of podcasts. Those are the two assumptions that this article is going to make, dear reader. This is the absolute, rock bottom “hey, I heard about this thing called podcasting” beginner’s guide to podcasting basics. If you’ve heard the term and are curious about its meaning, you’re in the right place!

If that description fits you and you have any questions after reading this guide, please don’t hesitate to ask in the comments. If you’re a podcasting pro, feel free to jump in with answers or post some tips of your own! Alright then, let’s begin at the beginning. What’s a podcast?

A podcast is a web-based series of audio or video content. Episodes are released chronologically and may be seen or heard in a podcatcher* or on a website. Think of it like web-based television or radio: if your favorite radio show were web-based, it would be a podcast. One advantage that web-based podcasts have over their TV or radio counterparts is the ability to archive. Podcasts are typically archived for weeks, sometimes months, sometimes years. Another advantage is the episode show notes**. The internet is great at blending mediums – text, audio and video.

Podcasts can be produced very inexpensively by anyone with a computer and a microphone.

They are as varied as they are plentiful. Many audio podcasts are live off-the-cuff talk shows; many others are scripted and sound a lot like an audiobook. Stand-up comedians and at least one prominent movie director have made a splash releasing live sets. Video podcasts abound on topics ranging from technology to news to family and raising kids – and much, much more.

* Podcatcher: You are, statistically, probably familiar with iTunes. That’s a podcatcher. Any program or application that facilitates the downloading of episodes (either through a directory or by manually providing an RSS feed) can be called a podcatcher. There are dozens to choose from on every platform.

** Show notes: Podcasters often write a few paragraphs of text and/or provide a list of links about what was talked about on the episode. These show notes look rather like a blog post, and in fact, for podcasters that work with WordPress (or similar), that’s exactly what they are.

History

Serialized audio has been available online almost for as long as there has been a line to be on. Video would come later as storage and bandwidth costs dropped. The roots go back to the 1980′s, but what we think of as modern podcasting really came about in the early 1990′s with things like Internet Talk Radio, and in the early 2000′s with Rob & Dana Greenlee’s WebTalk Radio. In the early 2000′s, enclosures were developed for RSS that allowed for easy distribution of episodes.

The term podcast was coined in 2004, and despite efforts to go with a different word (webcast, netcast), that’s the one that stuck. Apple added support for podcasts in iTunes 4.9 in 2005, and that was the kick that really sent podcasting on the trajectory that it finds itself on today.

A Few Suggestions: As the Audience

  • Shows live and die by the feedback that you leave in the various directories – especially iTunes. If you’ve got about 90 seconds, that’s all it takes to leave a star rating and a short comment.
  • Most podcasts are available in iTunes, but that’s not the only place to find great shows. A Google search for “podcast directory” will yield a long list of places to check out.
  • If a podcaster lists contact information, he or she would like you to contact them. Reach out, say hello, offer comments or opinions about the show.
  • Name a topic and I’ll bet there’s someone out there doing a podcast about it. Look around, spend some time in the directories and you’re likely to find even the most esoteric subject. If you can’t find a show about a topic you’re really interested in… do it yourself!

Thinking about making the transition from listener to producer? I’ve got you covered.

A Few Suggestions: As a Podcaster

  • You’re nothing without your audience. Take the time, make the effort to get feedback from them.
  • It’s not hard, technologically, to look or sound like a pro. Judicious use of music or graphics, checking audio levels, making sure your lighting and camera angles are correct… these things are worth doing right.
  • I just told your audience to contact you with comments and opinions. Be nice ;)
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  • Tip Techmeme

About Daniel M. Clark

Daniel M. Clark is a podcaster at QAQN, a writer at danielmclark.com, and an all around cool dude everywhere else. He wrote a little book called The Ultimate Guide to Becoming a Podcaster for NMX. You can follow him on Twitter (@qaqn) or email him at daniel@qaqn.com.

Comments

  1. I’m thinking 1 or 2 hour long audio “episodes” per month of 1 hr each.   I’m using a MacBook / GarageBand.  I need a host.  Recs for that?  How much space will I need?  Then I set up the RSS feed for iTunes? 

    What’s the diff between getting your podcast on iTunes and doing an app?  I see pricing plans that include an app. 

    Too many questions? 

    • Sorry it took me a few days to respond, Bill. I don’t get notifications when people comment, so it’s up to me to remember to check for comments periodically.

      I use Amazon S3 for some of my stuff and others I host with GeekCast.fm because those shows fit their demographic (and I know the owners). I’ve also hosted with Libsyn, whom I heartily recommend, and yes, they’ve got an app option. There’s no reason to choose between an app and iTunes, it’s very simple to have both. Your RSS feed will take care of both of those things, so it’s practically a no-brainer.

      Hope that helps!

  2. Hey Daniel this is a great starting point for someone who is curious about podcasting. I always wonder why podcasters always refer to them as “show notes”. Since those notes can only appear on a blog, why don’t podcasters just call them blog posts? LOL

  3. RotterWrites says:

    Helpful info, but I think it’s incorrect to call this a “guide.” It’s really an introduction to podcasting. But there’s no how-to information to guide a person who wants to create a podcast.